European DNA Day Essay Contest 2016
9th Annual European DNA Day Essay Contest for High School Students
Welcome to all students and teachers!
What is the DNA DAY Essay Contest?
The structure of the DNA double helix was unraveled over sixty years ago! DNA Day, April 25, is now commemorated internationally as a celebration of Genetics and its promises. For the eighth year, the European Society of Human Genetics (ESHG), will be sponsoring a DNA Day Essay contest in European high schools. Once again we will partner with the American Society of Human Genetics in this initiative; using similar essay questions, thus allowing a better assessment of knowledge and perspectives on genetics among students from both continents.
The essay contest is meant as a learning tool and a means to promote knowledge of genetics within Europe. It intends to challenge students to examine, question and reflect on the importance and social implications of genetic research and its applications. Essays are expected to contain substantive, well-reasoned arguments indicative of a depth of understanding of the issues addressed by the selected essay question.
One of the following questions must be answered:
1. Choose a genetic test that is currently available for a condition or disease that does not cause symptoms until adulthood (i.e., an adult-onset condition such as hereditary breast cancer). Describe how the test works and how certain the test results are.
Then, either defend or refute the recommendation below from ESHG on "Genetic testing in asymptomatic minors”:
"Presymptomatic and predictive genetic testing of minors for conditions with adult-onset is acceptable only if preventive actions (e.g. preventive surgery or early detection aimed at therapeutic interventions) can be initiated before adulthood. Otherwise pre symptomatic and predictive genetic testing in minors for adult-onset disorders should be deferred until the person has the maturity and competence to understand the nature of the decision and its implications."
2. Genomics is one of the main technologies that will facilitate personalized (or precision) medicine. In order to maximize the potential for personalized medicine, many people now advocate a big data approach. The future they see is that data from individuals held in electronic medical records, may be coupled with other information from wearable sensors as well as their biological samples held in DNA biobanks. Do you agree that the collection of biological samples from entire populations in large biobank facilities is a good idea to better understand the link between genomic markers and correct prevention/curative treatment? Is this the future of personalized medicine or do you see arguments not to share private information so widely?
First Place Winner: EUR 300
In addition, sponsoring teachers of first place students will receive EUR 1.000 to organise a science project.
Second Place Winner: EUR 200
In addition, sponsoring teachers of first place students will receive EUR 800 to organise a science project.
Third Place Winner: EUR 100
In addition, sponsoring teachers of first place students will receive EUR 500 to organise a science project.
All participants will receive a certificate of appreciation for their participation in the contest.
|November 23 ||Submissions opens|
|March 31||Deadline for the submission to the European Society of Human Genetics|
|April 25||DNA DAY|
|April 25||Essay contest winners will be announced|